The Land Cruiser Series has evolved from its serious jeep-type 4×4 roots into a luxury sport vehicle. Well it is considered an upscale luxury sport utility rather than a rough and tough 4×4; Toyota manages to absorb its incredible off road durability, while making this model the most highways friendly Land Cruiser, the V8, ought to tower over the rest. Powered by a cruelly strong V8 D-4D common rail diesel motor, the Land Cruiser is given the price it deserves. In addition, looking out at the latest looks that feature elegance, and over bulk, this full size SUV will definitely run out fast in the eyes of market of buyers. Its luxurious interior can adequately seat seven persons with a wide range of affability to make everyone have a delight journey. Moreover, it excels on-road through a double wishbone IFS front suspension, rack and pinion steering and custom auto parts that make the Land Cruiser feel like a more passenger car than its heavy–duty predecessors. Improving comfort and steering ability further, this car consider the hydraulic vehicle height adjustment and dynamic suspension control. Whether you want to travel on-road or off-road, The Land Cruiser will go along the track.
HOW ABOUT A KOREAN AUTOMAKER that caters to budget-minded consumers? In fact, the company’s vehicles are priced below competing models and typically represent a good value when taking into consideration their high feature content. Such is the case with the Carens from Kia Motors as it combines the essential qualities of a sedan with the space and practicality of a mini MPV. Like most Hyundai/Kia CRDis, the Carens is smooth, more like a gasoline-powered car parts vehicle than the breathless diesels in some of the competition. While most people may look at the Carens as a compact minivan; Korean automaker Kia thinks that it is as a crossover utility vehicle. No matter how you may want to view or classify it; what it does though is offer much of the flexibility and passenger-hauling abilities of a larger minivan in a not-so-mini size. Powered by today’s modern Common-Rail Diesel technology, the all new Carens does all of the above and more. The CRDi engine provides enough power, but as is the case with most diesel, this delivers a lots of torque at 225 foot pounds; that’s enough pulling power for the compact MPV with 7 bodies inside. The interior is well designed and thought out, with plastics that have a quality feel about them and a black dash on beige interior as color combinations. It’s surprisingly spacious considering its size as the Carens features 7 seats; enough for the average family and with some luggage space left over or more should the rear seats are folded down.
Who: Bill Richcreek
What: 1969 Ford Mustang
Where: at Fordsix website
Why: Bill has done a very good job of detailing and building the 250-inch six for his Mustang. The headers are from Auto Parts Place and the rest of the work is paint, wax, and chrome.
He says: It’s depressing to go to car shows and notice a car that at one time had a six under the hood.
I say: There is no right decision. We should put the inline guys and the 5.0 V-8 guys in a pit and have them fight to the death.
Let’s take a second and consider what a sensible energy policy would look like. I know, in the current political climate it’s a bit like talking about the tooth fairy’s hair color. But here it is:
I have a big problem with the implicit idea in current energy policy that ethanol is the new holy grail of fuels. What makes ethanol so great? Specifically, compared to an existing fuel (say gasoline), how does ethanol compare. On the plus side, ethanol has a high octane number. That’s about it.
On the negative side, as Stein pointed out, ethanol has only 2/3rds of the energy (per unit volume) that gasoline has. Ethanol burns with a colorless flame (dangerous!), which is why E85 contains 15% gasoline. The problem is that ethanol increases the vapor pressure of the mixture, leading to more evaporative loss and emissions. Ethanol also has this nasty habit of absorbing water, causing all sorts of corrosion issues. Hence, you need to replace pretty much the entire fuel-related infrastructure (storage tanks, pipelines and vehicles) for widespread ethanol use. Before Uncle Sam starts signing those checks, it is worth asking: Is there an alternative? Let me rephrase that: What does the ideal fuel of the future look like?
Well, of course, the ideal fuel would be renewable, and available in significant quantities, unlike any food-based fuel. It should also be miscible with existing fuels; in other words, it shouldn’t do any of the things ethanol does. It should also not change the physical properties of the blended fuel; unlike the way, biodiesel can cause gelling even at low fractions. In a word, the ideal fuel looks like something we are all familiar with: gasoline (or better yet, diesel).
Hang on, you say, gasoline isn’t renewable. No, but it can be. And it looks increasingly like (plain old crude-based) gasoline is at least as renewable as corn ethanol. Clearly, the challenge is not to come up with some new fuel: Ethanol! Biodiesel! Bio-butanol! Or the dumbest of all: Hydrogen! No, the real challenge is to make pretty much the same fuels from a different feedstock than crude. Preferably a renewable feedstock. So, what does the ideal feedstock look like?
The ideal feedstock should be plentiful, cheap, and renewable. And by renewable, I mean that using it should not involve taking the food of somebody’s (anybody’s) table. BTW, it does not have to be carbon-free. Even Al Gore will agree, as long as it’s renewable you are only returning CO2 to the atmosphere that was there to begin with. And, as our ideal fuels showed, there are many benefits to carbon-based fuels.
Here’s the good news: the ideal feedstock is everywhere. It is often cheaper than zero dollars per gallon: we typically pay people to take it off our hands. The ideal feedstock is WASTE. And other than metals, glass and other inorganics, any waste would work. So how much waste are we talking about?
According to USEPA (quoted indirectly) Americans dump 232 million tons of municipal solid waste a year. If you add up paper, food waste, wood and yard trimmings, the renewable (biomass) fraction is ~61%. Seeing as “other” includes rubber and textiles, the bulk of that would be organic (if not renewable). So subtracting metal and glass, the organic fraction is just over 87%. The EPA estimates that approximately 6.9 million [dry] tons of
sewage sludge biosolids were generated in 1998. Then there is of the order of 35 million tons per year of manure. Lots of waste.
I know what you are thinking, and here I have to disappoint. All these wastes combined can only produce about half the oil the country uses. Still, it’s a lot of oil.
Critics may point out that much of these wastes go to composting and other recycling facilities. It should be remembered that even after one has converted these wastes to liquid fuels, much of the fertilizer value remains in the char – available for use.
And no, this isn’t perpetual motion. We are not going to waste our way to independence from our “allies” in OPEC. For every kWh (or BTU if you must) of waste that goes into waste, one can only recover ~60% as liquid fuel, at best. So, conservation still beats any other alternative.
By now, you should be thinking: yeah, but where is the technology that’s going to do all this? Surprisingly, the technology is at least as developed as cellulosic ethanol (I know, that sets the bar pretty low. I just couldn’t resist).
In the town of Carthage, MO, is a stinking plant that converts turkey waste (all the inedible) into a heavy diesel fuel. They used to refine it to a vehicle fuel quality, but as you can imagine, at 500 bbl/d you can’t operate a refinery at a profit. The cost? $80/bbl. And that’s after paying the equivalent of $20-30/bbl for the feedstock. We really should stop feeding this crap to farm animals.
In Freiberg, Germany, a company by the name of CHOREN, is building a facility that will produce ~2,000 bbl/d of diesel from forestry waste.
In Soperton, GA, Range Fuels is busy building a facility that will convert forestry waste into mixed alcohols (including some ethanol). For political (subsidy?) reasons they are calling it cellulosic ethanol. But the process is miles away from the inefficient fermentation-distillation process that most cellulosic ethanol researchers are working on.
You should also bear in mind that none of this will work if oil sells for $10/bbl. So, as I tried to explain in a previous post, we really need expensive oil for renewable energy to fly.
Automobile surety is a agreement to all vehicle producer. These are how they will be accepted and have a gigantic name in the big business. Technologically speaking, an auto should exceed a lot of test earlier than launching it to the clients. Automobile companies at present are very particular on car protection, giving much attention on how science can develop auto parts safety and decrease the fatal injuries.
Right now, we already made the use of seat belts and airbags in automobiles as a form of safety review for the driver and traveler. The government and the car makers also doing their responsibility on safety thru announcement, reports and media to inform every person the significance of auto security. Citizens should perform their part by acting as a role model in a little style to notify the community first and foremost car customers the safety they have to know.
When thinking to obtain a automobile, one should and must think about the most is the car security. This is the most essential issue that one should not take for granted. Safety’s one of those matters too many car enthusiasts don’t think about until after it’s too late. Neither the manner nor the class is the most noteworthy when acquiring a auto but yourself and your family. People are more important than the car. Think of them. Learn from the error of others and you can keep lives.
In the car accident mainly SUV’s has a high percentage killing mostly children ages two-years old. The heartbreaking part here is, it is the relative who had accidentally bumped the kid, not seeing through the rear mirror. Is it really negligence on the part of the driver or is it justly a car accident than can’t be prevented?
Having a auto is a great responsibility for the owner. The car owner should know what car he/she has, knows to repair when something is wrong along the way when there is no technician present, things like that. It is also a auto safety assessment, when you can prevent something to happen. It is really essential that you know a lot about your car. Though safety means are everywhere but it is not great guarantee of security among us. Read brochures, ad materials or even ask the seller about the car. Informations are very helpful instrument to reduce vehicle accidents as well as guidance from your associates.